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tv   Consider This  Al Jazeera  January 1, 2014 1:00am-2:01am EST

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welcome to al jazeera. i am stephanie cy. here are your top stories. >> 5, 4, 3, 2, 1! >> with that, the new year begins. supreme court justice and bronx native sonia sotomay or led the time square new year. a new year's promise from russian president vladimir putin. he has vowed to fight terrorists until total destruction. people were killed in volgegrad last weekend. security has tightened for the upcoming sochi olympics.
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>> california's numer juan a laws go into effect allowing anyone over 21 to smoke marijuana. buying, selling and smoking weed are illegal. >> the wow rouse more thto the year since 1997. the nasdaq is up 38%. one reason, the federal reserve promised to keep interest rates low. "consider this" is up next. al from jame miswinston winning the heisman to the growing epidemic of concussions
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in sports we are look back at the year that was. al from snap chat, social media continues to penetrate every aspect of our lives. with he break down some of the biggest changes in the world. and we'll take a look back at the notable people who left us this year. welcome to the special holiday edition of "consider this." we begin with the stories that made the biggest headlines. the the government shut down that no one really wanted but no one could really stop to the birth of a royal baby who is a long way off from inheriting the throne, but who everybody wanted to talk about anyway. we will start with the top political stories then move on to security, the international scene, and some of the top water cooler stories of 2013. david road, prize winning reporter, and tony karen, senior on line executive producer and senior editor at great to have you with us today.
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i want to start with the government shut down, was arguably the biggest is story of the year. really demonstrated why so many people are fed up with their government. but after a 16 day fight with the nations default hanging in the balance, the senate voted overwhelmingly to end the shut down, follows late tear night by a vote in the house that passed with substantial help from democrats. speaker of the house baner made the best case he could. >> trying to bring government down to size, we fought the good fight, we just didn't win. >> david, did the end of the shut down and the budget deal that followed do you think that that is a positive signal? that things will get better? that bipartisan ship is not just a faint hope? >> the bud jell deal was a small deal. it didn't erase this
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enormous divide that exists in our country. so i don't think it's over yet. i think there's a deviated inside the republican party itself. sign thatly move along more subsequently, seeing that obama-care may be the gift that keeps on giving? >> i think all bets are off right now. i think increasedly we have seen a situation, where the gerrymandering, the corporate money in politics is producing a situation where that grid lock is sustainable for a long time. the message to the rest of the world, is the most powerful country is increasing
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the ungov national. what's the address, nobody reallies knows. you can dare things to the white house, but can they get things done? no, i can't. do we see signs it is changing. >> with the melt down over the botched website, but then the president's credibility suffered badly after he was forced to apologize for claiming that people who liked their insurance planks and their doctors would be able to keep them. >> there is no doubt that the way i have butt that forward unequivocally, ended up not being accurate. that's something i deeply regret, because it is scary getting a cancellation notice. >> can the obama administration recover from this mess? >> well, i think -- if their belief, obviously,
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is if the system takes effect, and they get something for signing for obama-care, that's the hope. if that proves to be true, probably that might well be the case, but these are troubles it is a start up. start ups are always a mess. it is a complex start up, you can manage manging a mistake like that. >> was more and more issues are coming early next year, what do you think? >> i think it is the economics that the website will start working are enough young healthy people sign up to offset the costs of the many older people that are signed up? the sign ups so far are older people that are sicker. so the republican argument is that the economics of this won't work that will be shown one way or the other in 2014. >> if there's anything that gets people as riled up as obama-care is gun control. and passions get very very heated over that. polls overwhelmingly favor tougher background checks and limit on assault weapons and high
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capacity immune in addition clips. after 27 people including the shooter dies but those were voted down by the senate, despite the efforts of many of the victims families to lobby for change. but as we have seen now, david, it seems that the support that existed for gun control has certainly weakened now that we are a year after newtown. so do you think gun control will ever happen? is the deal pretty much done? >> i think essentially we are where we will be. there was this incident in the high school in colorado, close to the holidays that raised the issue again, i think unless there's another very large shooting incident in the united states. another massacre and a school could change the diem thattics but if that doesn't happen, i think it won't be a major issue, and i think the white house has stopped pushing this. >> the other major issue that came out, and it had been talked about in other cases of course, the aurora shooting, is
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the issue of mental health. and theres have been some changes made. and just simply not got through. i think the problem is one of political woe, al political aarithmetic, and there was some measure of political will after new town, to deal with gun control and mental health. that has dissipated. even on mental health grounds and that is something based on the way they think the election will look next year. so i am not optimistic on that either. >> well, the supreme court weighed in on the controversy on another big social issue, the court voted 5-4 to strike
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down the federal defensive marriage act, and allow same sex couples the same benefits of everybody else. and a majority al ruled that allowed california's prop eight to be struck down, that gave same-sex marriage the go ahead in california. so tony, where do you think that puts us now? there has been movement at the state level around the country, is the issue solved. >> i don't think it is settles and the battle has been going. but i think americans have this great history of making progress on social restrictions and things like racial integration, interracial marriage may have been unthinkable, and now it is a norm. and i think in the same way we are on an arc moving towards the situation, where same sex page will be considering -- it won't be an issue five years from now. people will wonder where the purse was about. >> will it move on enough that it won't be -- >> it will definitely be
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an issue next year. with conservatives say they are opposed and maybe chris christie if he runs accepting this new reality, and i agree, it is going to become the reality in the future, but that last fight will continue in 2014. >> another big social and political issue, are the politics of marijuana, legalization, two states washington and colorado have approved legal reck renation use, while another 18 and the district of columbia have approved medical marijuana use. california has rejected the formal legalization, maybe the next one that passes. some sort of legalization. so if california voters to that, do you think that's the tipping point that will just move the country in that direction too? >> i think so. i think again this is one of those issues for years now on presidential
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campaigns -- it's quite common for candidates to admit having smoked marijuana in their youth. >> in the old days was a complete no no. >> exactly. assume people of a certain age have tried marijuana. it is becoming more acceptable, more on the par with alcohol, something that is potentially a problem, but not necessarily something that needs to be dealt with in the realm of criminal law. >> what do you think it means the r the war on drugs in. >> it is a geed question, and i think people are questioning it more and r many. that's what this is about. does the war on drugs work, why are we spending billions of dollars on this, why are so many people in jailing. this comes back to the culture wars that you will have conservatives say we cannot legalize recreational use, and other part oz if country, even northeast california it is not seen as such a big deal, and it is an increasingly divided country. very very different social values.
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>> when it comes to security, the biggest story of the year, of course, involved low level government contractor named edward snowden who is now a household name. while working for the national security agency, and according to know dun there's nothing you do electronickicly that the ns ark doesn't know about. irk inform you aren't going anything wrong, you are being watched and the storage capable increasing every year, consistently by orders of magnitude. >> so david, a federal judge is now ruled or at least has shown that this may be unconstitutional. even the basic meta data what they have been doing getting all those records of phone calls. no one knows the amount
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documents he took, this could drag out. it is going to be an enormous story. >> no, at this point the administration can't do that, they have vilified him too much, but you know in relations with other countries, more court rulings, legislative battles inside the united states, this is a mass i story that is just going to continue. >> the question is how mass i? some people are said that he basically took the crown jewels of american intelligence, and could give them away? >> right, what is very interesting about this story is -- people are very offended and upset at the level of surveillance we the government, but we all know that every time we are in line shopping every time we are in line emailing anybody, we are generating a massive amount of data -- >> we are being monitored all sorts of ways. >> nobody is really raising even questions about that. so i think that's kind of interesting, where this goes who is monitoring us and for what reason.
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>> the boston marathon bombing is one of the low points of the year, a deadly attack by two home grown terror is. three people including an eight-year-old boy were killed. and maimed by two bombs that police and prosecutors say were built and set off by two immigrant chef chan brothers. this clearly illustrates the threat to the homeland posed by people that live here. >> absolutely. i think what is interesting about sit this was not a professional al quaida france national operation involving lots of people, and very sophisticated level. and that remains me of something been what john kerry said when he was running for president in 2004, he got in trouble by saying we should get
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to a point in our lives where terrorism is a policing issue. thes a low level security threat, it isn't the basis on which we organize our lives. and i think americans reached that point. it was a terrible thing, but it was containable, it is unctionble, it is something that we'll reoccur, but it isn't a overwhelming threat that demands we change the wheel way we live. >> do you think that's the lesson? >> i do. i think you will see a huge crowd in the boston marathon in 2014. i think still that al quaida has failed to recruit american muslims to their cause. melt's do that now. because this happened in
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the horn of african, and kenya, al sha bob al quaida affiliate, went in there and they just caused horrible destruction, very well rehearsed attack there at least 72 people more than 200 were wounded. what does that say about al quaida's power? >> it is still an't cooing brand. request it is capable of recruiting in very localized ways. but i don't think it is interesting phenomenon, i think it is still relatively contained and one of the tragedies is that the local security forces seem to have been very poorly trains and very little doubt that the tactics that were used patter baited the ebbing tent.
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you may have had that situation far more contained. >> let's move on to other international headlines. 2013 has not been a banner year for the obama wyattous house, but it did manage to at least take steps toward resetting regulars with some of it's mideast foes especially with iran. now, an interim deal was signed in november, and it has iran freezing part of it's capacity, in return for a partial ease on sanctions. secretary of state layed out two possible paths while urging the senate to sanctions. >> would path could lead to an enduring resolution. the other path could lead to continued hostility, and potentially to conflict. >> after all this sparring over the sanctions the iranians have said if the sanctions come in, no deal. >> absolutely.
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the iranians basically are rooking to have sanctions lifted, they are looking to preserve as much of nuclear industry or infrastructure as possible. tongue this deal will go forward p dr. as a fundamental difference about how much of the nuclear program will be allowed to continue. the basic issue of enrichment, benjamin has said absolutely no enringment, we want no centrifuges whatsoever. and there are many that support that. so how is that key thing going to be resolved? is there going to be some small amount, because i don't think he can accept a deal that has no
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enrichment at all, so there's aiding tear this will unravel. >> syria the other big story. a lot of back and forth there as to what would happen. where do you think things are going be syria? he seems to be turning over, but he keeps killing his people? >> absolutely. i don't think chemical weapons were a part of the conflict. most of that more than 100,000 syrians were killed with conventional weapons. getting involved with syria, which the u.s. doesn't want to do because it had no end game, and i think essentially what we have seen now is on the battlefield. >> one final international story, egypt. the problems there u.s. policy in turmoil that's
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the region's most important nation. after the military deposed the first elected president, at least democratic elected and his muslim brotherhood government was overthrown, officials refused to call what happen there had a coupe. which was the military taking over. as the military's bloody crack down continues, some aid cuts were announced through military assistance, including training and spare parts and minor things. where do you see things going now in egypt? that can be very dangerous and i have consider stabilizing and linking them together, i agree asaad has won the conventional battle in syria, all these jihaddists, egyptians,
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europeans that have gone in and fought along may go home. so it is a very dangerous situation, and i am hoping for stability, but there could be dark days ahead. >> two towers figures on important developments, pope francis was named of the year, because he really seemed to at least be transforming the perception of the catholic church. do you think it is just that. >> i think what is interesting is he has put the church's mission back in front and center, and main stream politics that's increasing focus. so i think pope francis is talking to a situation whether it is becoming unavoidable, and the church has to take from its teachings. model position that says whatever happens in politics this is unacceptable, we can't tolerate that, and i
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think it is a very smart central joy to rebuild by making it more meaningful. >> looking back even though we talks about this a lot, the death of nelson mandela, also very significant, and not just what he accomplished but what he might mean for the future. do we have a new generation of leaders that can stan up like he did, and make this incredible sacrifice, and take huge risks. what we sue in politics but al this very caution calculated approach toish uh shoos p p that was not nelson mandela, so hopefully he will inspire a new group of leaders. but it isn't clear at this point. >> going to add to that, if you look across the
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world, whether it's pram, or apingle americale, in all countries are one variety. they are managers, they are people who are all about the -- let's improve the status quo. prom stability, continuity. you don't really get transformation any more, the pope, actually probably is the one transformational figure speaking on the world stage. so i think minuting deal will's passing reminds us how little of that we have. >> a few more stories. natural disasters we always have them, there are two very big ones that effected the united states or people who live in the united states. we have a very large community. yes, and 5200 people died tens of thousands more were injured, when it hit the fill teens and let's show video of what we saw and moore oklahoma.
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terrible tornado there, struck in an area, of course, known as tornado alley. and most people who lived there despite the destruction that we saw there, are saying they will state. so the questions that keep getting raised when it comes to these stories is climate change. is climate change responsible. most scientists say it is not responsible for an individual event, but they do believe that or many believe it could contribute to the strength of some of these storms. i take it the debate is going to continue. >> i think that each storm is sort of shifting the debate though, in the direction of people agreeing that climate change is playing a role here. these storms are massive, i'm not a scientist but i feel like the perception is changing. and amazed some of the breadth and power of these storms and how they are happening in different ways. droughts in the midwest,
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sort of extremes in all types of weather that many people haven't seen before. >> i think -- what we have seen as a result of these is a lot of the damage has been done, and a lot of the focus is going to be on remediates the effects. it is no long ear question of whether we cause it or not, we know that it is there, it is coming how will we prepare ourselves. >> i'm hesitant to bring this one up, because you threatened if i did you might do some twerking here. with david road. >> new year's eve, right. >> no happening. >> david will not participate. >> nobody wants to see that, but that hearable raunch hi performance, has gasps from outraged parent groups, but the twerking routine did nothing but help miley cyrus, and her sales, and she is one of the most popular searches online too. is this just more of you do this kind of stuff, and --
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>> it is rock and roll. >> outrageous and it helps your career. >> elvis the pelvis. >> in this case there was the issue of whether these young women are being oversexualized and there is a sirius side to it. concerning there? >> well, obviously i think those are valid conditions but again pop culture has always been hyper sexualized and has always had a very strong drug presence. so, you know, in the big picture, yes, the concerns are absolutely by particularly the gender concerns and the way women are being presented. ma dodge that was doing the same thing. >> prince george spurred as and awes and promised
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royal continuity, as there is now three generations in line. for some of thaws aren't as fascinated how do you explain the on going fascination? is. >> i guess maybe a positive story. they seem like a nice young coup and they do a very good job of trying to be more modern and open to people, so maybe people are just happy to see a nice story. >> your partner here is americaing. >> 21 thing i will note, people in united states care about it more than people in england. >> that's one of the funny things about it, i don't know if worldwide as it is pop allowed in the u.s. and even in britain, i don't know if it is getting bigger and bicker. >> despite the fact that we fought a revolutionary war. it is great to have you had you here to talk about this stuff, and wish you happy new year. >> thank you. >> consider this will be
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right back.
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that the movie audience is getting smaller. people are always going to fewer and fewer movies. two movie studios are all scratching to get that money away from people and make more money from the people each person who actually goes to the movies and that's what he is referring to, but these are businesses. they are all part of conglomerates, you take studio like disney, a company like disney, the movie studio is only a small part. t and we stow a whole bunch of megaflops. on really big movies and the studios they are still standing and they are still expanding.
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ironman 3, hunger games catching fire. so there were some blockbusters that worked. >> yeah, and interestingly, they are the ones that are good. so the formula for a successful movie, with you have $50,000,000.155 millions is the same. i like it how that's the bottom edge, if you don't have $5 million you can't make a money, but yeah, good story, good script, and a good vision from the director. and it will work. >> let's talk bad. what was your least favorite the worst movie of the year, bill. >> oh, boy, let me think, i shouldn't say it is the worst, of the big movies i was disappointed in captain phillips. i found it so formulated, just tom hanks just looking concerns, and -- through the whole movie, and i just was really surprised at the accolades that it got. the avengers i thought
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was very very noisy. another overrated movie i thought was world war s, which some people hang up there's a movie not based upon a sequel that did fairly well, it was in the top 10, when you look at the numbers how much it cost and made, i don't think if it is going to be that profitable for the studios. so that -- some people say that was a good movie, i don't think it was. >> i can hear you disagree with captain phillips. >> i liked it a lot, and nothing maked a guy sound older than when he complained that a movie was noisy. >> oh, right. >> well the avenger -- >> look, the transformers the loudest movies in the history of the world, i can't stand to be in the theater, i am with you, i did love captain phillips i liked it a right, but hang over 3, was a terrible end to that franchise. it was reminiscent of the
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end -- or the most recent indiana jones and the kingdom of the kris call, i can't believe they made this movie that was a horrible movie that left a bad taste in your mouth about a franchise that you liked. but there was al a movie called get away. which was particularly retched and you know it is bad because his name ethan hawk's characters name, i had to look down to remind myself, was brent magna. which really sounds like ethan hawks porn name. there were some terrible after earth, the will smith movie with his son, was just really difficult to watch. you know there's never -- and of course the lone ranger. because it spent that much, it is seen as this giant flop, it wasn't that -- it was bad, but it wasn't on the level of after earth or get away or hangover three. or grown ups 2, which was pretty unwatchen. >> let's do rapid fire. t.v., bill, the
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conversation has to begin with breaking down, it was popular, clearly the trend away from network television to dramas when it comes to what people really care about, and the award shows in. >> it is hard to find -- there's some obviously dramas that are on main stream, but they are not superior with the possible exceptions of nashville. which is a pretty high end operation, but of course they are all in basic and premium cable. >> and also on netflix, we saw netflix make a big mark, and president obama had something to do with house of cards let's show this what happened at the white house. we brought add an advanced copy of house of cards. [laughter] >> a little cameo. >> well, i wish things were that ruthlessly --
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[laughter] >> it's true. i was thinking this guy is getting a lot of stuff done. >> this is the president talking to the head of netflix, amazon prime is following netflix with another big star, big show. it's really changing the way we watch t.v. >> yeah, it is. >> i'm looking forward to everybody else, house of cards show up in season two, one of the writers my cousin, just a little additional plug, and amazon has some good stuff coming too as they are following. they are doing a series harry born, they are doing a show called bosh, which i am looking forward to.
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please guys are offering tremendous sums of money, but they are trying to make a splash at least in the beginning. >> bill in music, the big to do about miley cyrus, twerking, but isn't this just more of the same? madonna, lady gaga, just trying to shock up into a bigger career? >> yeah. we with have to remember that artists don't sell k. that much, and they don't make money from the so it is all about staying in the public eye, and working on sources of income, particularly touring. so miley cyrus is doing something really interesting that we haven't seen, which is a woman completely sexualized herself from her late teens into her early 20's in front of a national audience. and i think sometimes when we -- it's not anything original to say there's a strata of the celebrity affirmment
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that's tabloid. there's popular people, the critically acclaimed people, but people that live in that tabloid, they have to stay in the public eye, they have to do outrangous things they have to meet up with each other, and do vulgar things to keep that sekment occupied. and to that is a the realm in which kanye is working. lady gaga one foot in as well. thank you for joining us to talk about the year that was, have a great new year. see you soon, i hope. >> you too. >> from concussions in football, to the emergence of prominently gay athletes. talk about the year in sports. the stream is uniquely interactive television. we depend on you, >> you are one of the voices of this show. >> so join the conversation and make it your own. >> the stream. weeknights 7:30 et / 4:30 pt on al jazeera america and join the conversation
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online @ajamstream.
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>> as we continue our year in reviewer, we turn to the world in sports. the bold 12es we saw an old king be throned and a new king crowns and watched a championship fall from grace. to look back on some of the biggest sport stories we are joined from silver spring. sports editor for the nation, host of radio and the author of game over, dave, great to see you, let's start with your postsman of the year. you chose someone that sports illustrated probably didn't even consider. >> no, payton manning to me was as choice as dry and off the assembly line as one of those papa johns pizzas he is all
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selling us. my choice was for robby rogers. north american gay athlete to take the field and play. he did so at the l.a. galaxy, to me it should be the person that represents the most important sports story of the year. and i think most important sports story of the year was people like jason collins, brynnny groiner and many other athletes and allies taking the step to say you know what, the locker room should not be the last closet in america. people have the right to be who they are, and be open about who they are. why i chose him is because he is also somebody who came out f the closet in february, and then retired. w the most depressing statement you ever read people poem can look it up. he said he did not think he could be out of the closet be an active athlete, but then jason collins came out, then hundreds lgbt teenager whose are out in their
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high schools and he said, i felt like a coward meeting all these kids, and me not stepping up and doing what i could do, and then after that he said it is great to be part of a movement that's helping to change the word. so that's why i chose robby rogers. >> one of the other big stories important stories is the nfl's problem with concussions it has raided serious concerns about awe contact sports for everyone, from kids up to professional athletes. that's correct. but honestly this whole season has been like scandal wac mole. every time a scandal goes down, another one p pope franciss up. i was thinking back when the nfl settles this, cost them less than $800 million that they are going to pay out of the coast of several decades. to be able to pay this thing off. but the bigger issue is that the nfl was able to indemnify themselves, and keep under lock and key,
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the decades of day da that they have accrued about the effects of playing professional football and the. as of concussions that take place. so the real losener 24 story is us. the american people, and our right to know what we are seeing on the field, and what we are getting our kids into, and also the real loser the players going forward, who felt they never got the information about the dangers of playing with regard to head injuries and are now not able to actually sue the league and get that information. another big scandal was major league baseball coming down hard on players connected specifically to the bio genesis sports clinic for their use of banned substances. now some of the biggest names were taken down. >> that's correct. from alex rodriguez and of course the soap opera continues. funny how alex rodriguez liking dramatics that's probably a big shot to everybody. but also, folks like ryan braun, the former mvp for the milwaukee brewers.
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but to me, the biggest part of this story, that needs to be discussed, are the players not named alex rodriguez and ryan braun, who are pinched because so many of these players and i wrote about this, they actually went through the venezuelan, and dominican pipeline, and one thing about the dominican republic, where every team has an academy, is that performance enhancing drugs are legal and unregulated and major league baseball doesn't do anything about that. so that makes me and frankly other people, not seeing them as an honest broker. when lance armstrong finally admitted that he cheated when using performance enhancing drugs. will cycling will ever be the same? >> no, what is so crazy about this, i can walk out right now, ask 100 people, name a cyclist
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they will all say armstrong, i say name two, and i bet i go zero for 100. any other sport, he was cycling for the united states of america. in so many respects, and it not only that, he was also the face of cancer. in the united states, and coming back from cancer, and so -- myself, i have people in my family who have worn that live strong bracelet, so this was so much bigger than people caring about a sport, are there any more heros left. but it dead seem like lance armstrong was someone that was actually someone deserving of that word. and now, of course, that has come tumbling down. >> another story that transcends sports. about the culture of nfl locker rooms. it took stage, with the ritchie incognito scandal. a number of players have spoken out on both sides
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of that issue. how much of an impact has that had? >> oh, a huge impact. because one of the things that it has done, is actually forced nfl players to confront the question, what make as good teammate? and what makes up for lack of a better term, what make as man. is it the sort of person, who butts themselves forward as the image of hyper masculinity, or somebody like jonathan martin who had the courage to come forward and blow the whistle on what was happening. i found it absolutely fascinating the excepts of different players and see that a lot of them fall on very different sides. and then when espn did an anonymous poll, who would you rather have as a teammate, jonathan martin won overwhelmingly when the public comments were more 50 very 50. it it's a very important topic, because bullies happen been front and center. and important that this
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came out in the nfl, a lighter side of football scandals a quick answer on this one, the entire nation was enthralled by the catfishing of te'o. will a young man ever get in an online relationship again in. >> no. >> i suspect you are right, and a final question for you, andy murray, finally won wimbeldon after who knows how many decades roger federer went the entire year without making it to the finals of the grand slam tournament for the first time in what seemed like an eternity. are we seeing a changing if guard? absolutely, but it isn't a changing of the guard to andy murray. to me probably had the greatest year in the history of men's tennis. we are witnessing three of the five greatest tennis players to ever live. >> yeah, it is great to watch tennis these days because of those guys. happy new year, thank you for joining us.
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>> happy new year. >> coming up a look back at some of the people who left news 2013. new lights use low wattage led rights, neither harmful for the trees nor dangerous for the kids that may touch them. >> many play-off spots in the n.f.l. are still to be decided. mark morgan is here to explain it all. >> hey, a lot of anxiety in dallas, wondering what the dallas cowboys would do. tony romeo underwent back surgery. kyle ortman will start quarterback in the eagles game. sher een williams of the fort worth star telegram weighs in. >> that lees this game in the hands of kyle orten, he made 69 starts. he's 35 and 34. but has not thrown a pass as a starter and only thrown 15
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passes over the last two years. it takes the pressure off the cowboys. no doubt about that. they can go in, play loose and >> al jazeera america is the only news channel that brings you live news at the top of every hour. >> here are the headlines at this hour. >> only on al jazeera america.
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scott carpenter has the right stuff. he was the second american to orbit the earth. stan the man was one of baseball's greatest hitters, one of the rams fearsome foursome defensive end terrorized quarterbacks. a great kicker for the new york giants became one of america's most beloved sports casters. ken norton broke mo hamed ali's jaw and was heavy weight champion of the world. ben's victory at an international piano competition was seen as an american victory over the soviet union at the height of the cold war. he became the first musician to get a ticker
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tape parade in new york. maria was our first great ball rena, the native american brought worldwide acclaim to american dance at a time when ballet was dominated by russians. tom clancy thrilled us with his techno tails of the cold war, and the hunt for red october. el moore leonard rose wrote dozens of best selling crime novels. while scottie was the fist la dino to win the put zero prize. doris rut sing won the nobel prize for literature. >> lou reed walked on the wild side and influenced generations of rock stars. joshing jones sang about being country when country wasn't cool. critics have called him the definitive country singer of the last half century. ♪ freedom freedom
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>> fame came to folk singer after an improvised performance atwood stock. for decades deer abby's pauline phillips gave millions advice. psychologist joyce brothers councilled americans on t.v., radio, and print long before dr. phil. sex therapist virginia johnson of masters and johnson fame helped make talking about sex no longer taboo. famous for his bow ties beard and fighting tobacco, the first surgeon general to become a household name. millions of infertile couples are grateful to robert edwards he won the nobel prize for developing envet row fertilization. called the japanese equivalent of harry ford, toyota took the toyota cars to worldwide prominent. gray dobie changes the way we listen to movies. changes the way we listen to music. and chef charley trotter s
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interventions made chicago a dining destination. >> peter otool shocked to fame as lawrence of arabia, he was nominated for more oscars than any oh wac tor without winning. joan fontaine starred in rebecca, and won two ocean cars. playing tony soprano turned character actor into a major star. esther williams turn as career of a swimming champion into hollywood stardom when her extravaganzas became huge hits. americans first fell in let with anet chel he on the mickey mouse club, then as america's girl next door in the beach party films. "glee" made cory monte a heart throb. paul walker starred in the fast and furious films. with all in the family's edith butcher, jean stapelton won emmys but also became a symbol of the feminist movement.
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and the first to win five tony awards. >> jonathan winters, zany and unpredictable comedy kept generations laughing. hollywood degrees and movies could go boom or best, depending on which way roger ebert element his thumb, his way with words made him the most influential movie critic. >> you opposed all civil rights legislation. >> helen thomas spent five decades some may say badgers presidents at the white house. she was a trail blazer for women journalists. it reese founder al newhart has the last life when it was the widest circulated print newspaper in the country. famous for his interviews broadcaster david frost talked with richard nixon may be the most watched political interview in
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history. speaker of the house tom foley of washington state served 30 year years in congress. frank lauden burg of new jersey served almost 30 years in the senate. >> i'm rushing for mayor and i need your help. >> feisty and beloved by new yorkers edward koch led new york to an economic boom. venezuelan president made it his best to be a thorn in the flesh of the u.s. he left his oil rich country on economic basket case. the iron lady margaret thatcher was britain's first inflame minister.
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check check >> (countdown) >> 2014 has officially arrived. at least for part of the country. more than a million people packed new york's times square to usher in the new year. millions on the west coast are counting down for their new year celebration. >> the new year brings a test for the health care. patients who have signed up will be able to use their insurance for the first time. >> a new rocky mountain - the first


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